Wednesday, March 27, 2013

The Arban Trumpet, Trombone, Baritone, and Euphonium Method and Technique

The Arban methods provide players with a professional technique that helps them learn proper posture, breathing, articulations, and develops coordination. Music studios use this technique as a supplement to learning standard repertoire. Mastering these techniques makes the process of learning a new piece easier. It contains the fundamentals that all trumpet players’ need to learn and, for this reason, is referred to as the “bible” of trumpet technique.

Posture

The method starts with an overview that details correct posture and the best way to hold the trumpet. The student is instructed to sit up straight with the shoulders relaxed. For instance, in the trumpet method players support the trumpet with the left hand making the right hand free to depress the valves as necessary. Breathe properly by taking air into the diaphragm and letting the airflow naturally through the lungs and out the mouth; avoid stagnating the air when you play.

Articulations

The major articulations are legato, staccato, accented notes, slurring, and basic tonguing. Proper tongue placement and the correct syllable for each articulation is discussed thoroughly in the method book. Practicing with a metronome is essential to create consistent and timely attacks. Through the exercises provided in the book the player will develop a solid technique that produces a clear, clean, and even tone.

Scales and Arpeggios

Scales and Arpeggios make up the greater portion of the trumpet player’s technique. As such, the majority of the Arban method is devoted to improving technique. Scales, arpeggios, and rhythmic exercises are all created to improve a student’s technical skill. The instructor may require that advanced students transpose each exercise as well. Players are often asked to transpose quickly and play multiple instruments and music that requires transposition.

Repertoire

Several famous solos, opera arias, and virtuosic works are included in the back of the Arban method. These musical works help the player learn to interpret musical phrases and develop musicality. While many instructors choose to supplement the Arban method with works outside of the text, it provides a useful compendium of challenging music that can certainly help to improve a player’s skill. Some famous works include the virtuoso piece, “The Carnival of Venice” and “Norma”.