How to Prepare to Sing

Take care of your voice to ensure a lifetime of singing.

Preparing to sing requires a proper warm-up to prevent damage to your vocal cords. Warming up properly makes it possible to sing more effortlessly and with less strain. Cold singing is OK when the music stays within the middle of your range, but for pieces that require extended ranges and phrases, it is necessary to give your body time to adjust to singing each day. Take care of your voice and prepare it with a warm-up before each practice, rehearsal or performance to protect and extend the life of your voice.

Step 1

Drink plenty of fluids throughout the day. Preparing to sing requires a holistic approach that does not confine itself simply to the moments before you go on stage. Take care of your vocal cords throughout the day to keep them in top condition.

Step 2

Avoid drinking caffeine before you sing or perform. Caffeine dries out the vocal cords, making them less flexible and elastic.

Step 3

Sing an exercise that uses the sound "hmmmm" by starting on a note in the middle of your range and singing down a perfect fifth, or five steps on the piano. Add a minor second each time, and continue singing this exercise until the highest point of your range. This will improve your flexibility and prepare your vocals for singing extended works.

Step 4

Buzz by allowing the lips to vibrate freely on the notes of a C major scale. Continue up and down the scale and then start again a half step higher. Perform this exercise on several scales to help warm up your voice and prepare to sing.

Step 5

Practice singing chorales and songs that stay in the middle of your range as a warm-up. The key is to prevent yourself from singing anything extended and to warm up and stretch the vocal cords until thoroughly warmed up for singing preparation.


Avoid dairy products before singing. Dairy creates unnecessary phlegm and congestion within the vocal cords, making it difficult to vibrate.


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